Four Mirror Xenon High Temperature Floating Zone Furnace

The four mirror Xenon floating-zone furnace is a high temperature optical furnace that can be operated at an elevated temperature between 1500-3000+° C. Accessible via the PARADIM-IQM equipment sharing agreement, users can operate this furnace under a pressure of up to 10 bar of argon, air, oxygen, nitrogen, and other gases. Typical sample size that can be accommodated in this furnace are 4-16 mm in diameter and 1-15 cm in height.

High Pressure Supercritical Fluid Optical Floating Zone Furnace

The first optical floating zone furnace in the world to achieve stable operation at 300 bar of pressure, the high-pressure supercritical fluid optical floating zone furnace enables crystal growth at elevated pressure and temperatures.

Tilted LASER Diode Floating Zone Furnace (LDFZ)

The real-time tilting laser-diode floating-zone (LDFZ) is a new variant of the floating-zone melting technique where the molten-zone is established using a set of near-IR (974 nm) lasers mounted on optical platforms that enables real-time control of angle of incidence. Compared to traditional light sources, laser diodes offer exceptional temperature stability and angled heating imparts additional stability to the molten zone. The result is a highly versatile synthetic capability not only for traditional floating zone growths, but also for travelling solvent growth of incongruent melting materials, as well as the laser pedestal growth of a wide range of specimens.

Ultrahigh Temperature Midscale Induction Bridgman/CZ Furnace

Induction melting is a versatile tool for the preparation of single crystals. Most lab-scale induction furnaces are designed to produce small specimens whereas industrial versions are designed for multi-inch diameter boules. The PARADIM Ultrahigh Temperature Induction furnace is designed to fill the size gap between these two limits, enabling preparation of ca. 1” diameter, multi-inch long, specimens.

X-ray diffraction Suite

Utilizing multiple Bruker X-ray diffractometers, as grown materials can be investigated to check for structural phase purity.

Magnetic and Electrical Physical Property Measurements

The physical properties characterization platform is consisting of quantum design physical properties measurement system (PPMS) and Magnetic properties measurement system (MPMS), accessible via existing cross-share agreements.

Thin Film Growth Facility

The PARADIM Thin Film Growth Facility is located at Cornell University. Together with the bulk crystal film growth facilities at Johns Hopkins, it provides unprecedented capabilities for discovery of new materials and interfaces.

TFS Helios G4 UX DualBeam FIB

A tool in Electron Microscopy with high resolution due to its next-gen UC+ Technology.

62 Element Molecular Beam Epitaxy Chamber

PARADIM boasts significant ancillary synthesis capabilities to meet user needs. This includes box and tube furnaces, a multizone chemical vapor transport furnace, and a glove box adopted arc melting furnace for air sensitive materials.

EMPAD Detector

High-speed, high-dynamic range momentum-resolved electron microscope pixel-array detector developed by Muller and collaborators

62 Element Molecular Beam Epitaxy Chamber

 The signature tool in PARADIM’s Thin Film Facility is a fully automated MBE system in which users can select among 62 elements of the periodic table to make the inorganic materials they desire.

Molecular-beam epitaxy (MBE)

MBE of any 11 of 62 elements at one time and refills without breaking chamber vacuum.

Sample Alignment and Cutting Facility

PARADIM has capability for sample alignment and cutting through instrument cross-sharing agreements.

Theory and Simulation Facility

Theory and Simulation are a critical part of the Materials by Design process employed by PARADIM

Bulk Crystal Growth Facility

The PARADIM Bulk Crystal Growth Facility is located at Johns Hopkins University. Together with the thin film growth facilities at Cornell, it provides unprecedented capabilities for discovery of new materials and interfaces.

In-Situ Observability

At PARADIM in-situ observability provides insight into the elemental composition and crystallization process, and is essential to rapidly optimizing new electronic materials.

Nion UltraSTEM

The NION UltraStem 100 comes with a cold field emission gun, electron optics that can be changed to produce a 2-3 angstrom probe with 1 nA or more of current for analytical purposes, a high-stability stage that enables atomic-resolution EELS mapping over large length scales, and other features.

FEI T12 BioTwin TEM

A fully motorized tool in electronic microscopy typically operated at 120 kV.

Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy

Angle-Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy (ARPES) is the premiere experimental tool for directly accessing electronic structure in quantum materials.

Four Circle X-ray Diffractometer (XRD)

Rapid structural characterization of epitaxial thin films is available on-site with a Panalytical Empyrean four circle X-ray diffractometer (XRD), offering high-intensity θ-2θ scans, rocking curves, and a 2-D pixel detector for reciprocal space maps (RSMs).  XRD provides critical feedback of phase purity, film thickness, and structural information to aid in optimizing thin film growth parameters in the MBE

Four Mirror Halogen Floating Zone Furnace

The four mirror halogen floating-zone furnace is a standard optical furnace with homogenous temperature distribution around the horizontal plane. Accessible via the PARADIM-IQM equipment sharing agreement, users can operate it under a pressure of up to 10 bar of gas with options for growing samples under Argon, Air, Oxygen, Nitrogen, and other gases at a temperature of 2200° C. Typical samples are rods, 4-8 mm in diameter and 1-10 cm in height.

Characterization in Three Dimensions

X-ray microtomography, like tomography and X-ray computed tomography, uses X-rays to create cross-sections of a physical object that can be used to recreate a virtual model (3D model) without destroying the original object.

Spark Plasma Sintering

Spark plasma sintering (SPS), also known as field assisted sintering technique or pulsed electric current sintering, or Plasma Pressure Compaction, is a sintering technique in which powdered sample can be sintered under uniaxial pressure.

Electron Microscopy Facility

PARADIM’s electron microscopy (EM) facility leverages and expands on existing capabilities in the Cornell Center for Materials Research (CCMR, a research center that includes an NSF-funded Materials Research Science and Engineering Center, MRSEC DMR-1719875) giving users access to a unique set of advanced analysis tools for materials characterization. 

FEI/Thermo Fisher Titan Themis CryoS/TEM 60-300kV

This instrument is capable of imaging inorganic and organic materials at the nanoscale.


Compared with conventional atomic-resolution STEM imaging techniques, the mixed-state ptychographic approach simultaneously provides a four-times-faster acquisition, with double the information limit at the same dose, or up to a fifty-fold reduction in dose at the same resolution.


National Science Foundation

Division of Materials Research

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Alexandria, VA 22314

Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.